The neck contains many vital organs that can become diseased. In addition, a variety of different types of cysts and tumors can form in the neck. Any abnormal swelling in the neck that persists longer than 3 weeks should be evaluated by a specialist. Our physicians have an intricate understanding of the anatomy of the head and neck and are trained to perform several surgical procedures when indicated.
Facial tissues are delicate and operations on the face should be performed by a surgeon with expertise operating in this area. Our doctors perform several cosmetic and reconstructive facial procedures.
THYROID GLAND DISEASE
Thyroid nodules are fairly common. They may form in the presence or absence of thyroid dysfunction. Enlarged nodules should be biopsied, usually with a fine needle aspiration, and our physicians are trained to do this. Biopsy may reveal suspicious or malignant findings. In this event, a thyroidectomy should be performed. Our doctors work closely with endocrinologists to manage levels of thyroid hormone before and after surgery.
BRANCHIAL CLEFT CYST
These cysts are congenital, but they may not cause swelling in the neck until later in life. If they are becoming infected repeatedly, surgical excision is indicated.
THYROGLOSSAL DUCT CYST
These cysts form in the midline of the neck along the path of the development of the thyroid gland. They may become infected and excision is usually indicated.
SALIVARY GLAND DISEASE
The major salivary glands are paired organs in the head and neck. The largest, the parotid glands are in front of and below the ear. The submandibular glands are located in the neck below the jaw, and the sublingual glands are underneath the tongue. The salivary glands can become diseased with bacterial and viral infections, as well as stones. Benign and malignant tumors can form in the salivary glands. When indicated, our doctors can perform excision of any of the major salivary glands (parotidectomy, submandibular sialectomy, sublingual sialectomy).
FACIAL RECONSTRUCTION AFTER SKIN CANCER
The climate of South Louisiana makes our patients particularly at risk for skin cancer. Our surgeons are often called upon to perform complex reconstructions of facial defects after the resection of skin cancers on the face.